In high-risk Level III and IV zones, safety is the highest priority. These zones are where patients spend time alone with either minimal or no supervision.

Strict design guidelines must be followed in these areas to prevent self-harm by eliminating any potential hazards, particularly fixtures that could serve as ligature points. High-risk areas include patient rooms (semiprivate or private), seclusion rooms, patient toilet rooms
and showers.

Key considerations
  • Continuous sheet vinyl with heat-welded seams
  • Pick-proof floor to wall transitions
  • Monolithic floor sloped to drains
  • Soap dishes - recessed into wall to hold toiletry items and eliminate potential ligature points
Patient showers